This becomes a very famous scene in the play because Hamlet denies that he ever loved Ophelia, thus causing her mental stability to begin to waver. The Myriad. Polonius uses Ophelia to try to determine what the cause of Hamlet’s madness is (although Polonius, arrogantly, already assumes he knows that Hamlet is ‘mad for [her] love’). The Character of Hamlet Born a prince, parented by a jester, haunted by a ghost, destined to kill a king rather than become one, and remembered as the title character of a play he did not want to madnesss in. For Hamlet and Ophelia, their madness similarly reveals their helplessness toward paternal manipulation and intimidation. While there is, Shakespeare's “Hamlet” explores many literary devices and themes, and it’s plotted around revenge, the fight for political power and Hamlet’s descent into madness. Polonius uses Ophelia as bait to spy on Hamlet and orders “ Ophelia, walk you here…Read on this book that show of such an exercise may color your loneliness. All in the morning betime. "Gender and Identity in Hamlet: A Modern Interpretation of Ophelia." Throughout the play, Hamlet displays pessimistic thoughts and negativity. Madness is a theme evident throughout the entire text. Hamlet's madness — the direct cause of the tragety through out the play Hamlet killed a lot of people which cause many destruction, however Ophelia did not directly caused the death of others Hamlet influences Ophelia which cause her madness You must not take for fire. the novel, with the death of his father and his, Ophelia's Descent to Madness in Shakespeare’s Hamlet Essay, People have mostly seen women inferior to men because women have been thought of as simple-minded and could not take care of themselves. At the beginning of the play, Hamlet is visited by the ghost of his father. The madness displayed by each of these characters is driven, in part, by the deaths of their fathers, however they each portray madness in different ways even though their madness is driven by similar origins. her) and regret (at Hamlet's rejection of her). After the tragic death of her father, Polonius, who was killed by Hamlet, Ophelia is devastated. King Cladius and Polonius then hide nearby to watch Hamlet’s reaction to being broken up with. and her only clear emotions are fear (after Hamlet's reported visit to Mad with grief over the death of her father, Ophelia drowned herself in a river. Ophelia does as she is told: POL. According to Heather Brown, Ophelia “is Polonius' pawn, Laertes' chaste sister, and Hamlet's lover. Through a series of scenes, the play displays the sorts of distinctions between all the characters actions, natural and supernatural, distraction and feigned madness that were being demanded at other cultural sites. When discussing Ophelia’s character, her madness is almost always at the centre of controversy. Hamlet is obviously experiencing grief and despair right from the beginning of The longer Hamlet waits to exact his revenge, the further he descends into madness and melancholy. He writes, "Though Hamlet has been courting her, Ophelia willingly obeys her father when he tells her to discourage the prince's advances" (Corum 26). However, after Hamlet’s father’s death, he develops trust issues and resentment especially towards women after his mother’s haste… Web. (Image: John Everett Millais/Public domain) She addresses Gertrude, Claudius, and Laertes with her words about death, burial, and mourning, and also of young girls betrayed by unfaithful lovers. Several of the characters in Hamlet could be considered mad. Hamlet’s madness is fueled by his father’s death and his desire to seek revenge on the man who killed him.   Hamlet’s madness likely stems from an actual mental illness, most likely a depressive illness. While these deaths both sparked madness in these characters, they each dealt with their madness in different ways. What interests me more though are Hamlet’s and Ophelia’s varying degrees of madness. Brown, Heather. Shakespeare’s Hamlet shows how men treated and thought of women during the 1500s. It is evident in Hamlet, Ophelia, Polonius and Laertes. Ophelia here is viewed as all other Hamlet seems to know that Ophelia is helping her dad spy on him, and he accuses her (and all women) of being a "breeder of sinners" and orders Ophelia to a "nunnery" (3.1.131; 132), i.e. Hamlet suffers from Borderline Personality disorder, as there are three places where he “plays“ mad to great affect. It is clear that Ophelia is grieving over the death of her father, Polonius, when Horatio says “She speaks much of her father, says she hears…” (Shakespeare IV 4-5), but a secondary cause of Ophelia’s madness may be due to her failed relationship with Hamlet as well. I did a 20 page paper, cited and reference with both currant DSM standards as well as utilizing the play for quotes. a brothel. This makes Hamlet confused as to what he should actually do in response to seeing the ghost and drives him further into madness. Laertes, The literary language of madness drawn from Classical drama came to the English stage through Old French and the literature of fools. Hamlet has come to distrust all females because of his mother and her unfaithfulness to her dead husband. Shakespeare, William. He keeps going, too. Ophelia’s madness is driven by the loss of the male influences in her life. The significance of Ophelia’s madness is to signify her losing two of the most important men in her life, Polonius and Hamlet. The most important difference between Ophelia and Hamlet 's madness in Act 4 is the fact that Ophelia is, in fact, gone crazy, while Hamlet is merely continuing to put his "antic disposition on. Ophelia's madness, brought on by her frustrated love and the bizarre way her father was killed by her loved one, seems less ambiguous than Hamlet's for her language and behaviour are clearly irrational. Frye, Roland Mushat. Ophelia listens to her kinsmen’s advice and withdraws from him. natural phenomenons. Nevertheless there is a mystery about her mental condition. Come your ways. This along with several other attempts of spying on and murdering Hamlet eventually lead to the, general public, the character of Ophelia in “Hamlet, Prince of Denmark” offers the reader a tantalizing mystery - did Ophelia truly commit suicide? There was an order most did not interfere with; however, some did. Tomorrow is Saint Valentine's Day. The body and Mind are two major elements in Madness. Hamlet genuinely loved her before his father’s death, and this is shown by the love letters they have from before. From the beginning of the play, in Act I Scene iii, Laertes and Polonius are trying to convince her that Hamlet does not love her and only is interested in her so he can sleep with her. Hamlet and Ophelia by Dante Gabriel Rossetti, 1866. His need for revenge against the man who murdered his father ended in the further destruction of his own family. Madness in Hamlet The theme of madness in Hamlet has been a widely popular topic in the discussion of the play by both critics and readers alike. Throughout the play, Ophelia first obeyed her father and brother’s wishes, ignored the social norms later, and then went mad, which caused her to never gain her own identity. Hamlet spends much of his time pretending to be mad, that he starts to believe that he really is insane. My final diagnosis was in fact borderline personality disorder with a side of schizo effective disorder brought on by the death of his father. Web. 858 Words4 Pages. The defective effect of Ophelia's madness to come has the same cause; Polonius' prescripts have their effect on Ophelia too. This essay will examine Ophelia's downward spiral from a chaste maiden to nervous wreck. Polonius. This madness, in the end, led Ophelia to commit suicide as she had nothing to live for without the men in her life who bestowed her sense of identity upon her. "Ophelia's "Old Lauds": Madness And Hagiography In Hamlet." Hamlet’s madness and his quest for revenge ultimately resulted in his death. argued over by countless learned scholars for hundreds of years. Hamlet fools Ophelia into believing that he is mad by killing Polonium behind a curtain in the Gertrude's room. Are you looking for more information about Hamlet? In the middle of all the drama that seems to be flooding Hamlet’s life and Denmark, the audience is presented with a tragic love story, and of course I’m talking about the forbidden love of Hamlet and Ophelia. OPH. Hamlet decided that a better revenge would be to wait until some other time to kill him to prevent his soul from going to Heaven. Get an answer for 'In act 3, scene 1 of Hamlet, Hamlet has a conversation with Ophelia while Claudius and Polonius listen in to try to figure out the source of his madness. Conclusion. The final difficulty of reading madness […] is that in the act of doing so, one dissociates oneself from it or associates oneself with it, and in either case becomes disqualified as an interpreter. Ophelia is used by two men in the play – her father and Hamlet – as a pawn for them to enact their deceptions. Shakespeare presents water imagery relating to Hamlet’s character in the very first act of the play, both explicitly and implicitly.The atmosphere of the platform, before the appearance of the ghost, is quiet and calm, almost too calm in the way that the world is before a heavy rainstorm, an example of Shakespeare’s use of implied and explicit examples, Throughout Shakespeare’s many works, mental illnesses have played an undeniable part in many of them, especially his tragedies. Ihe next shock to the tender sensibilities of Ophelia is the get-thee-to-a-nunnery scene. Home Hamlet Q & A Act 3, Sc. Throughout the play, Hamlet displays many characteristics indicative of madness. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1984. eBook Collection (EBSCOhost). This incident drives Ophelia into becoming insane and leads to her taking her own life. Hamlet admits to suffering from melancholy. Seeing a ghost could indicate that he is already mad. "Hamlet." Ophelia is the only truly innocent victim in Hamlet. Her choice of songs seems to reveal two obsessions. the debate in 2000 words, but I can look at the evidence supporting or Bear in mind that in the deeply religious culture that was the basis for the inception of Hamlet, suicide was a mortal sin, bearing with it the consequence of eternal punishment and damnation, burial in unconsecrated ground and shame to be forever associated with the deceased. While I agree with your method, I don’t agree with your outcome. B. To the mere observer the drama that unfolds between Hamlet and Ophelia may just look like the struggle an average couple might, Crazy as a Hamlet? Paired with Hamlet’s apparent madness, he easily sways them into doing his bidding by feeding them incorrect information, thus influencing their decisions and actions. In her madness, Ophelia sings snatches of songs, most of which sound like popular songs of Shakespeare’s day. In her sad reaction to Hamlet’s madness “O what a noble mind is here o’erthrown! Ophelia in the fourth act of Hamlet is demonstrably insane, but the direct cause of her slipped sanity is something that remains debatable. Hamlet had a chance to kill Claudius early in the play while Claudius was praying, but decided that, if he were killed while praying, that Claudius’s soul would go to Heaven. What follows is one of the most explosive scenes of the play. Medical Humanities. He also becomes quite melancholic over the death and murder of his father and begins to question life as a result. Depressive Illness Delayed Hamlet’s Revenge, Feb. 2002. To stay in control, the men in, In Hamlet, Polonius says, "Read on this book, that show of such an exercise may colour your loneliness" (3.1.46-49). Web. Still, in the Elizabethan era, understanding of mental illness was rudimentary at best, as were the methods of treating it. The madness of each of these characters ultimately ends in tragedy. Web. But is her madness merely pretty and pathetic (as she is sometimes played)? In this monologue, Hamlet seems to be having an existential crisis as he contemplates the meaning of life and death and whether or not he would be better off to take his own life. Madness is one of the main themes of Hamlet. 20 May 2016. Previously in the play where Hamlet gives his soliloquy on life and death, Ophelia has been ordered to break off her relationship with Hamlet while Polonius eavesdrops to prove, characters’ affection for Hamlet. A prime example of Hamlet’s melancholic state is his famous “To be, or not to be” monologue in Act 3, Scene 1. Look to't, I charge you. Hamlet and Ophelia both display symptoms of madness, but each become mad for different reasons. The death of his father only worsened a preexisting condition. As a mere During the Middle Ages and Elizabethan, Shakespeare's Presentation of Ophelia It is my conclusion that Hamlet uses a façade of insanity to hide his attempts to kill Claudius and, In the play, Hamlet, by William Shakespeare, Ophelia, the daughter of Polonius, is seen as a fair maiden who wants her love with Hamlet to be eternal. The facade that Hamlet adopts is used for his benefit in all instances but one: his deception over his love. . There was an order most did not interfere with; however, some did. during Ophelia’s short time of madness. Shaw, A. Ophealia suffers from PTSD and Major depressive episode brought on by the fact she has zero agency, and those closest to her betray her and abuse her, perhaps sexually as well is alluded in places. Perhaps the world's most famous mental patient, Hamlet's sanity has been Project Gutenberg. Most notably, Hamlet and Ophelia characterize the idea of madness in this play. WOCHLEY: Ophelia, the mad scene in handing out the herbs is Ophelia … And I am made at your window to be your valentine. Madness is one of the most pervasive themes in Shakespeare’s Hamlet. Hamlet and Ophelia’s relationship is very complicated, and many critics have questioned whether Hamlet genuinely loved Ophelia. Ophelia develops a different variation of madness created by her love and hate towards everyone in her life, which she develops after the death of her father. Shakespeare’s Hamlet shows how men treated and thought of women during the 1500s. While innocent characters like Rosencrantz and Guildenstern believe their duty is to simply diagnose the reason for Hamlet’s madness, Claudius uses their care for Hamlet and blind loyalty to plot Hamlet’s death. In the beginning of the play, Ophelia was like any other obedient young woman during the time. Early in the play Ophelia says to her father, Polonius, “I do not know, my lord, what I should think” (Shakespeare). However, he is very mad, … The Renaissance Hamlet : Issues And Responses In 1600. For the Elizabethans, Hamlet was the prototype of melancholy male madness, associated with intellectual and imaginative genius; but Ophelia’s affliction was erotomania, or love-madness. Ophelia. This indicates that she is too weak-willed to have an identity of her own, which could indicate some type of mental illness or “madness.” Her father’s identity is her identity and this loss of identity propelled her further into madness. . They order Ophelia to stop seeing Hamlet, referencing his erratic behaviour. In the 1500s, women were supposed to conform to men’s wishes. Ophelia obeys her father's demands because it was expected during that time of women to comply with men's wishes. Project Gutenberg, Nov. 1998. Feigned or not, both Hamlet and Ophelia apply madness to survive the oppression from Claudius and Polonius. (2007): 111-135. Chapman, Alison A. Furthermore, Ophelia encourages sympathy by giving insight into how different Hamlet’s nature was, prior to his father’s death. While it is evident that Ophelia is grieving over the death of her father, Polonius, as Horatio says of her “She speaks much of her father, says she hears / There’s tricks in the world, and hems, and beats her heart” (4.5.4-5), a secondary cause of Ophelia’s madness may be in fact about her failed relationship with Hamlet … This quest for revenge resulted in not only his own death, but in the deaths of many other characters in the play as well, including his mother, Gertrude, who drinks the poison that was meant for him. Laertes’s expectation for her to be chaste, as well as Hamlet’s rejection further propel Ophelia into a state of madness fueled by sexual frustration. —Carol Thomas Neely However, Laertes is often credited with being Hamlet's superior in his instant and decisive reaction to his father's death, even though the circumstances of Polonius' death were entirely different from those of Hamlet… I shall obey, my lord (1.3.131-36), Macro Analysis of the Coca Cola Company Essay, Mary Rowlandson and Benjamin Franklin's Storied of Captivity Essay example, Beer and Wine: A Development of Community in Our World Essay, Essay about Sophocles' Antigone: A Great Tragedy. 2, lines 100-123: Describe Hamlet's "madness" with Polonius and explain how and why it changes when he is with Ophelia. In Understanding Hamlet, Richard Corum shows that Ophelia is obedient. In the play Hamlet, Shakespeare uses the motif of water to symbolize madness and the unknown in the characters Hamlet and Ophelia. 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