“Amphibian horror” isn’t a movie genre, but on this evidence perhaps it should be. Widespread and abundant taxa are included in this category. If you're a predator… This hairy frog breaks its own bones to extend cat-like claws, just like Wolverine In Cameroon, some frogs are nothing like the benign variety we're used to. The Insatiable Hairy Frogfish – YouTube Striated Frogfish Mating – YouTube As all frogfishes, A. hispidus is a voracious carnivore which will devour all right-sized prey that pass within reach, usually other fish, but sometimes even its own kind. © 2021 (Natural History on the Net). Frogfish-Species: Allenichthys, Antennarius, Antennatus, Echinophryne, Histiophryne, Histrio, Kuiterichthys, Lophiocharon, Nudiantennarius, Phyllophryne, Rhycherus, Tathicarpus. Some people The hairy frog has evolved a defense mechanism that sounds painful to me. 9. It is monotypic within the genus Trichobatrachus. 8. The Hairy frog is a very unique animal. Frogfish can open their mouths extremely wide to swallow prey whole. The large head is broader than long, with a short rounded snout. Frogs have to watch out for all kinds of enemies in the wild. Even under water frogs cant be safe from hungry sharp toothed fish, swimming mammals like water shrews, and even diving birds! Frogfish jump by sucking in water through the mouth and expelling it in jets through the small gill openings behind their “legs” – they really are jet propelled! The egg raft eventually sinks down to the bottom again when the embryos are ready to hatch. This doesn’t stop Cameroon locals from spearing and roasting hairy frogs as a tasty snack. Essentially, this frog is the Wolverine (the character, not the actual animal) of the animal kingdom. This five-inch frog got its name because of hairlike projections that are present on … Frogfish are extremely good at blending in with their surroundings and hiding in plain sight. These are some of the animals with extraordinary chemical defence mechanism: MALAYSIAN EXPLODING ANT image: (Image via cafeguaguau) You know Malaysian ants – always exploding all over themselves, ruining the fun. The hairy frogfish is also known as the striated frogfish which comes from its scientific name: Antennarius striatus. Two hairy frogfish together are often a male and a female preparing for mating / spawning. When the frogfish spots its prey, it will follow the prey by eye movement only. Hairy Frog. 3. The Hairy Frog is usually found in tropical rainforests but can sometimes be found in the savanna. Hairy Frogfish are a type of anglerfish from the Antennariidae family, found in almost all tropical and subtropical oceans and seas around the world, with the exception of the Mediterranean Sea. This incredible critter is full of surprises! Have you ever seen a hairy frogfish move? They live near sandy bottoms, by coral reef, sponges, or hiding in trash and … 2. Common Name: Hairy Frog, Horror Frog, and Wolverine Frog Scientific Name: Trichobatrachus robustus Family: Arthroleptidae Location: Angola, Cameroon, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, and Nigeria Size: 4.3 inches (110 mm) The Hairy Frog lives in the western sub-Saharan coast of Africa. Also, it is apparently hairy. This hairy frogfish image was captured by our onsite Marine Biologist Dimpy Jacobs. Hairy Frogfish Aren’t Hairy! When the intended prey is only a short distance away the frogfish will take time to carefully orient itself so it is facing its victim and it will adjust its mouth angle in preparation for striking. As soon as the prey is within one body length of the frogfish it will strike with lightening speed. Hyperolius viridiflavus (Common Reed Frog) is a species of amphibians in the family African tree frogs. 5. Ground frogs can use their strong legs to move quickly away from danger, while tree frogs are capable of jumping from trees and gliding to safety. They like to make their homes in areas thick, lush forests surround fast-flowing streams and rivers. The male immediately fertilizes the eggs which remain buoyant for several days. Hairy frogfish are extremely good at hiding in plain sight and are able to change their color to match their surroundings (mimesis). The hairy frog or “horror frog” actively breaks its own toe bones when threatened, which then puncture the skin resulting in a set of cat-like claws. Hairy frogfishes have tiny 5mm palatal teeth. Breeding males also develop – somewhat hair-like – dermal papillae that extend along the flanks and thighs. Marine species which are known to prey on frogfish include lizardfish and scorprionfish. This hairy frogfish has barely visible “hairs” which gives it a bald like appearance. Animal predators include birds, fish and reptiles. Hairy Frogfish, described as Antennarius Striatus, are a little more complex than the average run of the mill anglerfish. They are associated with freshwater habitat. 4. Many of these frogs live in high trees for safety. Hairy frogfish are formidable predators. Males are about 10–13 cm (4–5 in) long from snout to vent, while females are 8–11 cm (3–4.5 in). If a hairy frogfish tries to swallow something larger than its stomach can cope with, it has to spit it back out. Habitat: North Atlantic, North Pacific. Hairy frogfish are excellent at mimicking seaweed here in the Lembeh Strait and the most common colored hairy frogfish variations that we see are orange, yellow, white, tan and black. Hairy frog. Reproduction is dioecious. Hairy frogfish can open their mouths extremely wide which allows them to suck in their prey whole – no chewing required by this critter! They stay on land almost all year but they enter the streams or river to mate. 2. Basically, they will break their bones when attacked or threatened. Image credit: Gustavocarra via wikimedia Since claws are not an option, the hairy frog decided that there had to be a better way to stay alive. They are actually skinny projections full of blood vessels, to help absorb oxygen from the water. You would think that breaking your bones would work by irritating the would be predator, but this is not the case. As is so often the case, I'm amazed by how little available (viz, CC) imagery of … When under attack, these frogs will quickly contract their muscles, snap the bones in their hind feet, and push the bones out of their skin to create protruding claws. Although the lure and esca can not be seen during night, the potential prey can feel the vibrations which are transmitted through the water and attack what seems to be an incautious animal. Some frogs use sounds such as extreme bellowing or screaming to scare off predators. Additionally, large aquatic frogs often eat fish and other frog species. Reproduction in whole or in part without permission is prohibited. They are the only frog in the world to be covered in tiny hairs. Hairy frogfish (Antennarius striatus) - hidden under the tentacles of a sea cucumber Frogfishes even lure in the dark. If the prey does not respond to the lure the frogfish will stealthily start to “crawl” towards its intended victim. While injury and pain would seem to be inherent in the action, the balance of risk and harm seems to be in favor of the frog, and against the predators. The adaptation of this animal is the ability to crack its own toe bones and stuff them in its feet to create sharp claws whenever it feels threatened. Sometimes they live on farms like tea plantation but they prefer mountain forests. 13) Striated, or hairy, frogfishes usually mimic algae or soft corals, but can occasionally mimic venomous black urchins. These teeth are ineffective when it comes to breaking down food. Image captured by our Dive Guide Jhoe! The hairy frogfish’s “rod” is actually a modified first dorsal spine which is moveable and called the illicium. Taxiderm specimen of Hairy frog in the Natural History Museum, London. These regal, bottom-dwelling carnivores are veracious predators and keen hunters with an insatiable appetite for fresh fish and seafood. 5.Bombadier Beetle The bombardier beetle may look innocent enough, but it is famous for being able to spray boiling hot and chemically toxic bodily fluids in the direction of any would-be predator. It’s more common to see frogfish “jumping” combined with gliding a few centimeters above the bottom. Many frogs secrete a poison when they are attacked that makes the predator spit them out before any damage is done. If you’d like to find out more about our critters before you arrive, check out our Critter Log. Prior to mating (spawning) the female frogfish starts producing eggs (up to 180,000 eggs) and the male will begin to nudge her abdomen. The lure looks like a fleshy worm and is specific to the hairy frogfish. When the pair are both ready they swim up to the surface together which is where the female releases her eggs in a ribbon-like mass known as an epipelagic egg raft. Because they’re amphibians, frogs do not have hair. 10. They rely … The Hairy Frog is classified as Least Concern. The Hairy Frog (Trichobatrachus robustus) is a Central African species of frog in the Arthroleptidae family. The hairy frogfish is definitely one of our favorite critters here in Lembeh but it’s not the only species of frogfish that can be found in the Strait, other frogfish species we see include: painted, warty, giant, randall’s and ocellated. When two hairy frogfish are seen together it is often a female which is ready to mate and a male which is guarding her. 1. 1. These contain arteriesand are thought to increase the surface area f… These spinules can be copious and long or very short or even almost invisible. Frogs that live in aquatic habitats generally consume insects and other aquatic invertebrates, such as crawfish. This camouflage is a type of aggressive mimicry—a strategy of resembling something else to gain an advantage over your prey. This article highlights the frogfish of the info-pacific, found in the genus Antennarius.The Giant frogfish, Antennarius commersoni, has a large range and can be found throughout the tropical Pacific, Eastern Atlantic, Eastern Pacific, Hawaii (Kona), Indian Ocean… They also are #5 on Fantastic Frogs (also with Titicaca Frog) and #8 on Defenses. Northern Fulmar. Family name: Antennariidae Order name: Lophiiformes Common name: Frogfish or Anglerfish Scientific name:Antennariidae Scientific Name – Trichobatrachus robustus Classification – Arthroleptidae Baby Name – Tadpole, polliwog, froglet Collective Noun – Army, colony Average Length – Around 11 cm (4.3 in) Life Expectancy – Not known Breeding Season – Especially during seasons of heaviest rainfall; however, can breed at other times as well Incubation Period – Not known Special Features – … Scientific Name – Trichobatrachus robustus, Breeding Season – Especially during seasons of heaviest rainfall; however, can breed at other times as well, Special Features – Broad head with a short rounded snout; possess retractable claws; males have three short ridges of small black spines along the inner surface of the first manual digit; breeding males develop dermal papillae extending along the lateral surfaces of the body and thighs, Geographical Distribution – Central Africa, Natural Habitat – Subtropical or tropical humid lowland forests, rivers, arable land, plantations, heavily degraded former forest, Diet – Slugs, spiders, myriapods, beetles, grasshoppers. Type of Animal: Bird. The hairy frog breaks its own bones when threatened and uses them as spines to protect itself. How many did you already know? When the frogfish spots its prey, it will follow the prey by eye movement... 3. Does not qualify for a more at risk category. Most rainforest frogs have pads of sticky hairs on their fingers and toes, as well as, loose sticky skin on their bellies, that make them great climbers to escape their predators. Hairy Frogfish Facts A-Z Collection of Cool Animals Challenge H is for Hairy Frogfish. We hope you enjoyed these frogfish facts and we are looking forward to welcoming you to Lembeh Resort and showing you our incredible critters here in North Sulawesi. A lucky escape for the victim which will often be able to swim away – all be it a little dazed by the attack! The twelve genera of Antennaridae (antennae bearing) Frogfish are found nearly worldwide but tend to be bunched as species in different oceans. Hairy frogfish have very few natural predators. They have sexual reproduction. Snakes, predatory fish and raccoons, among other predators, predate upon aquatic frogs. The hairy frogfish has an extremely flexible stomach – so much so that it can swallow prey which is up to twice its own size. Frogfish can swallow the prey that is 2 times bigger than the fish itself thanks to ability to expand the mouth 12 times of its normal size. Because of this behavior, they have little to fear from their own predators while being ignored by their prey, allowing easy ambush. They get their name from the hair like … And the hairy frogfish (Antennarius striatus) has long, waving appendages that can resemble algae or even a spiny urchin. The distance of one body length is known as the striking zone. The lure is scientifically known as the esca. All rights reserved. 7. The hairy frog isn't the only amphibian that … Frogfishes rarely swim and when they do they use their tail while folding their other fins flat to the body. Hairy Frogs are number 4 on The Most Extreme Oddities (along with Titicaca Frog). The hairy frogfish is also known as the striated frogfish which comes from its scientific name: Antennarius striatus. Frogfish is an ambush predator which hunts the prey using the element of surprise. THE NEWT THAT TURNS ITS RIBS INTO SPIKES. Harvard biologists have described a bizarre, hairy frog with cat-like extendable claws. Hairy frogfish are formidable predators. Once the female lays her eggs under water, the male protects … Animals that eat frogs for snacks include snakes, lizards, birds, and various small animals like hedgehogs. The Trichobatrachus robustus (aka the “hairy frog” due to the hairlike fibers found on the male’s skin) has the gross ability to break its own bones to fight off prey. Juveniles can be just a few millimeters long and already have an active lure! Check out these 10 intriguing hairy frogfish facts. Despite having a hairy appearance the “hairs” are actually skin appendages or spinules which cover the frogfish’s body, head and fins. 6. The Wolverine of the amphibian world: Claws burst through frog's skin when threatened by predators Trichobatrachus Robustus is a … When the prey draws close enough the frogfish will start moving its lure to bring the prey even closer. Once the prey is close enough, frogfish swallows it in a blink of an eye (attack lasts 6 milliseconds). The frogfishes (or anglerfishes) are fascinating animals. They sit well camouflaged and without moving on sponges, wait in front of holes or hide between corals and wait for their prey to … There are a wide variety of frog predators. 14) Juvenile painted frogfish mimic toxic nudibranchs. 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